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Waste Factors in Costing Building Projects
Estimation

Waste Factors in Costing Building Projects

Waste is an unwanted product or material. Waste can be defined as a non-value-adding work. The term non-value-adding activity is used to differentiate between physical construction waste found on-site and other waste which occurs during the construction process.

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08/11/2020
Breinz Estimating Unit Cost Rates and Composite Rates
Estimation

Unit Cost Rates and Composite Rates

Applying unit cost rates is a time-consuming process, but it's the most accurate method for estimating the costs of a project and is often the preferred method of estimators and builders.

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15/05/2018
Breinz Estimating Prime Cost (PC) and Provisional Sum (PS) Items
Estimation

Prime Cost (PC) and Provisional Sum (PS) Items

Prime Cost and Provisional Sums items are those costs that cannot be accurately costed in the contract stage. So, Builders or Estimators just do their best guesses and calculate it as an allowance. It saves time in going to contract stage and writing the specification.

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05/11/2020